Dreaming of expanding your home? An addition can be an exciting venture. Maybe it’s for an extra bedroom, a sunroom, or perhaps a more spacious kitchen. But as your home addition takes shape, it’s vital to ensure that it also takes into account the very real limitations imposed by local zoning and setback laws.
As a home remodeling firm based in Portland, Oregon, our team at Lamont Bros. works with homeowners to navigate the challenges of zoning and setback laws to help bring their home addition dreams into reality. Although these laws may initially seem like mere bureaucratic hurdles, they play a pivotal role in shaping your addition. They can dictate not only where you can build, but also the height, size, and square footage of your addition.
In this article, we’ll discuss zoning and setback laws and how they can influence your home addition plans. By the end, you’ll be well-equipped with the knowledge to ensure that your home addition project doesn’t just meet your desires but also meets relevant regulations. The topics we’ll cover include:
Zoning regulations refer to rules and guidelines set by local authorities that define how land in a specific geographic region can be used. These regulations determine what type of structures or activities can be conducted in particular areas, ensuring that land use remains consistent and appropriate for their given neighborhoods and cities.
Land Use Zones
At its core, zoning segregates land into different categories, such as residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural. For homeowners, the residential category is most relevant. Within the residential category, there might be further divisions, such as single-family homes, multi-family homes, and townhouses.
If you’re planning a home addition, the zoning category of your property can affect the possibilities. For example, some zones do not allow for homes to exceed a certain square footage. If you’re considering expanding your home, check first to make sure your zoning designation allows for the total square footage after the expansion.
Understanding the specific categorization of your property can save time and help you prepare for any potentially challenging zoning regulations that stand in the way of your project.
Floor Area Ratio
Floor Area Ratio (FAR) is a measure that signifies the total allowed square footage of a building in relation to the total area of the lot it occupies. Cities often use this as a tool to regulate and control the size and scale of buildings.
Let’s say your property has a FAR limit of 0.35 (or 35%). If your lot size is 10,000 square feet, the total floor area of all the buildings on your property (existing and proposed additions) shouldn’t exceed 3,500 square feet. When planning an addition, it’s important to ensure that the combined space of the existing structure and the addition doesn’t breach this threshold.
Restrictions on Building Types & Structures
Beyond the size and footprint of buildings, zoning laws also place restrictions on the types of structures that can be built. In some zones, only detached houses are allowed, while in others, row houses, condos, or even accessory dwelling units (ADUs) might be permitted.
If you’re hoping to add an ADU or a detached garage, you need to ensure that your property’s zoning allows for such structures. Likewise, adding a second story might face restrictions in some zones to maintain the aesthetic and character of a given neighborhood.
Setbacks refer to the required distances that structures must maintain from property lines or other boundaries, including roads and adjacent homes. Think of them as invisible lines or barriers on a property within which building is prohibited. Setback regulations are in place to ensure safety, provide space for utilities, and maintain a neighborhood’s aesthetic and character.
One of the primary reasons for setbacks laws is to ensure fire safety. By requiring that homes and other structures maintain a certain distance from each other, there’s a reduced risk of fire spreading from one property to another.
In some densely populated areas, homes may be closer together due to older regulations, but as cities evolve, setback requirements often become stricter.
Infrastructure and Utilities
Setbacks also provide essential space for utility lines, sewage systems, and other infrastructure necessities. Having a designated space allows maintenance and repair workers easy access without infringing on private property.
Aesthetic and Character Maintenance
In many neighborhoods, especially those with historical significance or a particular character, setback regulations ensure that the area maintains its unique charm.
This includes preserving green spaces, ensuring sunlight access, and maintaining consistent street views. These setback laws can prevent home additions on the street-facing side of homes with historic, cultural, or architectural significance.
Factors to Consider for Zoning & Setback Limitations
Before beginning a home addition, homeowners should familiarize themselves with the various limitations imposed on their land by zoning and setback laws. Here are a few things to consider: field:
1. Consult City or County Maps
Begin by accessing your county’s maps to understand the specifics of your lot. Most counties have map resources available online. Reviewing these maps can offer insights into the location and size of your property and may give initial indications of any unique restrictions.
Below is a list of municipal map resources for the Portland-Metro Area:
2. Get a Land Survey
It’s important to recognize that land lots can vary significantly in shape and size. Lot lines don’t always lie where you think or expect. In fact, it’s common for fences to be several feet off the actual lot line in the city and even further off in the country.
Even a seemingly minor irregularity can have implications for where structures can be placed. By conducting a land survey, homeowners can identify the precise boundaries of their property and better navigate the complexities of setbacks and potential addition locations.
3. Pay Attention to Easements
Easements represent the government’s right to use or alter specific sections of private property for public use or benefit. This can include widening roads or installing utility lines. Being aware of any easements on your property is critical as they can dictate where and if certain structures or additions can be built. Remember, the government has the authority to enforce these easements, sometimes leading to unexpected property modifications.
4. Familiarize Yourself with City or County Specific Regulations
Zoning and setback laws aren’t universal. They can differ considerably from one county or region to another. Familiarize yourself with your local regulations.
For instance, in some areas, properties might have restrictions due to their proximity to downtown zones, whereas in others, the emphasis might be on maintaining neighborhood character.
5. Check Local Height Restrictions
While a lot of attention is given to the horizontal limitations of a property, vertical constraints are equally vital. Different areas might have varying regulations on how tall structures or additions can be. For example, in some neighborhoods in Lake Oswego, the maximum height of a home is 36 feet.
Before dreaming of that second story, ensure that your local regulations permit such vertical extensions, keeping in mind constraints like maximum building height in residential zones.
Want to Talk to A Designer About Your Home Addition?
Now that you understand some of the zoning and setback challenges of building a home addition, do you feel ready to start exploring your construction options? If so, continue to develop your knowledge of home remodeling by downloading our free guide, 3 Steps to Choosing a Remodeling Contractor. This guide will help you explore your remodeling options and find a contractor who understands your vision for your home.
If you’re ready to start designing your home addition and want a professional’s guidance in navigating the challenging zoning and setback laws in your area, let us help you. Click the link below to schedule a free design consultation with a member of our team. We’ll guide you through the process of planning your home addition so you never have to face the challenges alone.